Uttarakhand-the 27th state of the Indian Union, is one of the
most beautiful and enchanting region of northern India. Tour to
Uttarakhand will let you enjoy the natre which has endowed this land
with so much beauty and spiritual bliss that it is also known as Dev
Bhoomi, the Land of Gods. The most holy rivers Ganga, Yamuna and scores
of other rivers originate in Uttarakhand. In Sanskrit 'Himalaya' means
abode of snow, truly characterizing the vast permanent snow fields above
the snow line. In the heart of these majestic mountains lies the state
of Uttarakhand with Kumaon region in its east and Garhwal in the west.
Also known as Dev Bhumi, Uttaranchal is a boon for the pilgrim tourists. The Maha Kumba Mela, the Char Dham Yatra and the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra give Uttaranchal an international recognisance. The major pilgrim places include Haridwar, Rishikesh, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Devprayag, Nandadevi and Purnagiri.
Uttaranchal is a paradise for nature lover's and
adventure sports enthusiasts. Mussoorie, the 'Queen of Hills'; Nainital,
the 'Lake District'; Kausani, the 'Switzerland of India'; Ranikhet,
Pithoragarh, Pauri and Munsyari are just few highlights for the nature
lovers. For adventure and excitement, one may choose Mountaineering
(Bhagirathi, Chowkhamba, Nanda Devi, Kamet, Pindari, Sahastrataal,
Milam, Kafni, Khatling, Gaumukh), Trekking, Skiing (Auli, Dayara Bugyal,
Munsyari, Mundali), Skating, Water Sports like rafting, boating and
angling and Aero Sports like Hand Gliding, Paragliding (Pithoragarh,
Jolly Grant, Pauri).
The State is also a treasure house of exotic flora and fauna and is an ideal location for eco-tourism, as well as wildlife tourism. The world-famous Jim Corbett National Park is the pride of Uttaranchal. Other important sanctuaries are, Rajaji National Park, Govind Wildlife Sanctuary, Asan Barrage, Chilla etc.
How to Reach Uttarakhand:
By Air - Jolly Grant near Dehradun is the only airport. There are regular flights to Delhi by Indian Airlines. Otherwise, one has the option to travel to Delhi by road or rail and then take the air route to various destinations.
By Rail -Dehradun, Haridwar, and Kathgodam are the major railway stations connected to almost all parts of the country with regular trains. Not many places in the state are connected by rail because of tough terrains. For those visiting places in the higher altitudes, trekking and road routes are the only options available.
By Road - Almost all the important places in the state are connected by all-weather metalled roads. Many places in the higher altitudes may still remain off for a period in the year due to landslides and snowfall.
Geography in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand lies in the Northern part of India amidst the magnificent Himalayas and dense forests. The state is bordering Himachal Pradesh in the north-west and Uttar Pradesh in the South and has international borders with Nepal and China. The State today with 13 Districts can be grouped into three distinct geographical regions, the High mountain region, the Mid-mountain region and the Terai region. Dehradun is the interim-capital city.
Best Time to Visit Uttarakhand
The best time to visit the Himalayan region is the summer, when the weather is very pleasant. Parts of the hills will be inaccessible in winter. The plains region is best visited in winter, when the weather is milder.
Fairs & Festivals in Uttarakhand
The world famous Kumbh Mela/Ardh Kumbh Mela is held at Haridwar every twelfth/sixth year interval. Other prominent fairs/festivals are Devidhura Mela (Champawat), Purnagiri Mela (Champawat), Nanda Devi Mela and many more.
Uttarakhand Folk Dances
Bhotiya Dance: It is performed by Bhotias and are connected with death ceremonies.
Barada Nati Barada Nati Dance: It is performed during religious festivals or any other social occasion. It is performed by men and women wearing colorful costumes.
Pandava Dance: Performed during Dussehra and Deepawali, by narrating the story of Mahabharata accompanied by dance and music. Langvir Dance This is a acrobatic dance performed by men.