Wildlife in Uttarakhand
National Nark in uttarakhand
An affluent wildlife is the highlight of the verdant green state of Uttarakhand. What seem to be the dense forests of Oak and Deodar are actually, the homeland to varied number of recognizable and unknown trees and plants. Mostly habituated by innumerable wild species of animals of which Tiger is most prominent, the state is certainly amongst the finest places for wildlife tourism in India. The state also boasts a high number of birds that nest in varied trees and with their sweet chirps add melody to the surreal ambiance. The alpine meadows though seem isolated are an essential piece of the rich and diverse wildlife of Uttarakhand.
There are as many as 12 National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Uttarakhand that covers about 13.8% of the total area. Lay sprawled in the lowlands with maximum altitude of 800m and in highlands at an elevation of 5400m, the various parks and sanctuaries are indeed the haven for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts alike. The state has two Conservation Reserves - The Asan Barrage and Jhilmil Tal and two World Heritage Sites Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and Valley of Flowers National Park.
Major wildlife species witnessed in the state include - Tiger, Deer, Sloth bear, Black bear, Indian Elephant, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Rhesus Monkey, Langur, Ghoral (goat antelopes), Wild Dog, Common Otter, Porcupine, Python, King Cobra and a variety of resident and migratory bird species.
Uttarakhand is proud proprietor of India’s Oldest National Park, Corbett, which is also the oldest Tiger Reserve. Another prominent national park in Uttarakhand is Valley of Flowers, which is known for its extensive seasonal flower blooming. The park is the part of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and is home to 300 species of flowering plants and several rare and endangered wild animal species like Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, musk deer, brown bear, red fox, and blue sheep. Apart from these wildlife reserves, Binog Wildlife Sanctuary, Govind Pashu Vihar National Park, Askot wildlife Sanctuary, Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary, Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary and Gangotri National Park cordially invite an avid nature lovers, photographers, travelers, adventurers and wildlife lovers from across the country as well as the world.
Corbett National Park
Corbett National Park, set amidst the foothills of Himalayas, houses a variety of flora and fauna including rare ones such as tigers and is a treat for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers. The oldest National Park in India, Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park and is home to the critically endangered species of the Royal Bengal Tiger. Located in the foothills of the Himalayas and along the banks of Ramaganga River, this national park in Uttarakhand is home to around 50 species of trees, 580 bird species and 50 species of animals along with 25 reptile species spread over an area of more than 500 sq km covering riverine belts, hills, marshy depressions, lakes, streams and grasslands..
Rajaji National Park
Shivalik mountain ranges, Rajaji National Park is abundantly rich in flora and fauna and proves a great holiday destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts alike. Famous for its wildlife, especially for tigers and elephants, Rajaji National Park has recently received the status of a Tiger Reserve by the Government of India. Named in the honour or C. Rajagopalchari, this national park spreads over 3 districts of Uttarakhand including Dehradun, Haridwar and Pauri Garhwal. This national park in Uttarakhand is also enriched with valuable fossils which date back to as old as 10 million years old.
Nanda Devi National Park
In proximity to Nanda Devi, which is the second highest peak in India, lies the Nanda Devi National Park in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this national park in Uttarakhand is one of the most biodiverse regions in the world and is home to some of the rarest and unique high-altitude flora and fauna in the world. The breathtaking views, coupled with the richness of biosphere, set this national park aside from all others that are located in the country
Valley of Flowers National Park
Valley of Flowers is located in Chamoli district (near Badrinath) of Uttarakhand, approximately 300 km to the north of Rishikesh. This is the most picturesque national park in Uttarakhand, gracing the beauty of Western Himalayas. Valley of flowers was discovered in 1931 and is a World Heritage Site for its wild untamed blooms surrounded by white peaks.
Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary
Located within a distance of 30 kilometres from the Almora town, Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttarakhand is a paradise for the nature lovers and explorers. Nestled amidst the high mountains of the beautiful Kumaon, Binsar is not a town or a village, but entirely a forest region. Established in 1988 mainly to protect the broad-leaved oak trees of Himalayas, it has now become a haven for more than 200 species of birds and almost half as many plants and animals. The best part about Binsar is that every experience is real and as authentic as it gets
Gangotri National Park
Gangotri National Park is nestled in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand state, India. This national park owes its name from the Gangotri Glacier. Challenging treks, crushed snow, beaten trails, whistling woods, and ruffled leaves add to the thrill of visiting this national park in Uttarakhand. One will easily encounter some of the oldest settlements, the holiest pilgrimage of Hindus, and the source of river Ganga while traversing through the Park. Idyllically situated in the natural surroundings of the Garhwal region, this National Park is a famous high-altitude Wildlife Sanctuary of India. The grandeur of the glacial world and numberless coniferous trees define the charming vision of Gangotri National Park..
Kanchula Korak Musk Deer Sanctuary
Spread across an area of nearly 5 sq. km, the Kanchula Korak Musk Deer Sanctuary in Uttarakhand is a paradise for flora and fauna lovers. The sanctuary offers a peaceful adobe for musk deer and some of the Himalayan wildlife..
Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary
ature parks and wildlife sanctuaries are safe havens for the diverse flora and fauna, and the north-Indian state is home to an important one - the Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary of Uttarakhand state. Situated in the Uttarkashi district of the state, Govind Pashu Vihar was initially established as a wildlife sanctuary and later it attained the status of a national park.