how do celebrate saraswati puja

Vasant Panchami Magha Shukla Panchami is known as the day of the birth of Saraswati,Vasant Panchami is auspicious the mother goddess of wisdom and wisdom. Although the best spring season in the seasons starts from the antidote of the Magh, on the day of Panchami, the attention of the people is more attracted for this season. Offer easily available yellow flowers in season to Mother Saraswati Glory to go. Due to this festival being dedicated to Goddess Saraswati, one should worship textual material like pen and copy on this day. On this day it is considered very auspicious to do the following works, such as the life of the temple, laying the foundation of the house, entering the house, buying a vehicle, starting a business, etc. On this day, the first morsel can be fed to a newborn child and it is believed that the child becomes knowledgeable by making with honey on the child's tongue.

Is Vasant Panchami a Public Holiday?

Vasant Panchami is an optional holiday. Employment and holiday laws in India allow employees to choose a limited number of holidays from a list of optional holidays. Some employees may choose to take the day off on this day, however, most offices and businesses remain open.

What Do People Do?

Vasant Panchami is a famous festival that marks the end of the winter season and ushers in the springtime. Sarasvati is the Hindu goddess of the Vasant Panchami festival. Young girls wear bright yellow dresses and participate in the festivities. The color yellow holds a special meaning for this celebration as it signifies the brilliance of nature and the vibrancy of life. The whole place bursts with yellow during the festival.

People dress in yellow and they offer yellow flowers to others and to the gods and goddesses.  They also prepare and feast on a special pastry called kesar halwa or kesar halva, which is made from flour, sugar, nuts, and cardamom powder. This dish also includes saffron strands, which gives it a vibrant yellow color and mild fragrance.  During the Vasant Panchami festival, India’s crop fields are filled with the color yellow, as the yellow mustard flowers bloom at this time of the year. Pens, notebooks, and pencils are placed near the goddess Devi's feet to be blessed before they are used by students.

Public Life

Vasant Panchami is a public holiday. Government offices, schools, colleges do not operate on the day. However, at the same time, private offices are operational. Public transport also operates throughout the day but there is heavy traffic congestion during to processions at various places.


The celebration of the Vasant Panchami is centered on the Hindu goddess Sarasvati. Sarasvati is the goddess of wisdom. She embodies the different facets of learning such as the sciences, arts, crafts and skills.  She is said to be calm and collected. She is often pictured seated on a lotus or a peacock, wearing a white dress.


The Goddess Sarasvati is the goddess of intellect and learning. She has four hands which symbolize ego, intellect, alertness and the mind. She carries a lotus and scriptures in two of her hands and she plays music on the veena (an instrument similar to a sitar) with her other two hands. She rides on a white swan. Her white dress is a symbol for purity. Her swan signifies that people should have the ability to discern the good from the bad.

The goddess Sarasvati, sitting on a lotus, symbolizes her wisdom.  She is also well-versed in the experience of truth.  When the goddess is seen sitting on a peacock, it is a reminder that a strong ego can be held back by wisdom.

Vasant Panchami Observances

Holiday 2021

Note: Individuals can take a limited number of restricted holidays but government offices and most businesses remain open. This system gives individuals the flexibility to take time off to celebrate a holiday within India's vast religious and cultural society.

basant panchami

How Basant Panchami is Celebrated?

Basant Panchami – the festival marking the arrival of the Spring season would be celebrated on 10th February 2019. Mostly North, East, Central, and West India celebrates this festival. Take a look at how the regional celebration varies:

Many Hindus are of the belief that yellow is the favorite color of Goddess Saraswati and that why yellow is the color of dresses that are bought for this festival. This yellow color also resonates with the beautiful mustard field full of yellow flowers.

Some people add saffron to the rice and make it yellow to celebrate this festival.

Among the East Indian states, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped with much excitement in West Bengal. Goddess Saraswati is known as the goddess of education, knowledge, music, and all other forms of art. West Bengal is known as the cultural capital of India and the craziness for Saraswati Puja proves that point. Every school, college, film studio, musical institutions, dance schools, and every other institution associated with knowledge and creativity celebrate Saraswati Puja to seek the blessings of the Goddess. Young students bring their books and keep it near the idol. Similarly, musicians keep their instruments near the goddess. This worshipping is followed by a cultural program of song and dance. Post that the customary “Khichuri” or Khichdi is prepared that is served with brinjal fry and cabbage. That Khichdi is also known as “Bhog” and is the tastiest thing ever. All the winter season vegetables are used to make this yummy Khichdi. In many places in West Bengal, people create Pandals and lighting and celebrate this festival for four days.

In Bihar and Odisha of East India and Assam of North East India, people visit the temples of Goddess Saraswati and worship her. And more or less the rituals are same as West Bengal. In school, college, and universities, this day is a holiday. These educational institutions open for Puja and post that cultural program and lunch follows.

In South India, Andhra Pradesh celebrates this day. It is known as Sri Panchami where "Sri" is referred to her as another aspect of the one goddess Devi.

In the West Indian state of Gujarat, Vasant Panchami is associated with the emotions of love and emotional anticipation. Bouquets and garlands of flowers with mango leaves are prepared and gifted to people. Songs about Lord Krishna playing pranks with Radha are played.

In the Sun God Temple of Aurangabad district of Bihar, the statues are washed and the old clothes are replaced with new ones. The devotees then engage in singing, dancing, and playing various musical instruments.

In Rajasthan, it is mandatory for people to wear garlands made of jasmine flower. The home is decked up with yellow flowers and people wear yellow clothes.

In Maharashtra, the newly married couples wear yellow clothes visit a temple to offer prayers on their 1st Basant Panchami post marriage.

In Uttarakhand, people worship Lord Shiva and Parvati too along with Goddess Saraswati on this day.

In Punjab, children and adults engage in kite flying on Basant Panchami. This tradition of flying kites is also observed in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.

The Hindus of Bali and Indonesia call this day as “Hari Raya Saraswati”. Mostly the educational institutions celebrate this festival by worshipping the Goddess Saraswati wearing bright clothes. Children bring traditional cakes and fruits to schools for offering during the prayers.

History of Vasant Panchmi

Vasant Panchami is a significant festival that is celebrated with fervor all across the country. This auspicious day is dedicated to Goddess Saraswati who is considered to be the goddess of wisdom, knowledge, arts, and music. This day also marks the end of winters and the arrival of the spring season. There are numerous folk tales associated with the pious day of Vasant Panchmi. According to a popular belief, this day is related to the renowned poet Kalidas. One day he had an argument with his wife and he went on to commit suicide. At that moment, Goddess Saraswati emerged from the holy water and asked him to dive in there. After taking a dive in the water he became knowledgeable and became a great poet. This is the reason, Goddess Saraswati is known as the deity of wisdom and knowledge.

Another myth about Vasant Panchmi states that it has its roots dated back to the Aryan period. Aryans came and settled in India near the banks of the Saraswati river. Most of their development took place near the river. Hence, they started considering Goddess Saraswati as the symbol of knowledge and fertility. After this, they began celebrating Vasant Panchmi to pay gratitude to Saraswati.

Vasant Panchmi is now celebrated everywhere in the country but it is predominant in the northern parts of the country. People from different religions celebrate this sacred day with great joy and splendor. People follow different traditions to seek blessings from Goddess Saraswati and to celebrate the onset of the vibrant spring season.

Vasant Panchami is an important festival that marks the end of the winter season and the start of the spring season. People across the country celebrate this pious day with joy and vibrancy. The yellow color is considered auspicious on this day hence the houses are decorated with yellow flowers. Women and girls wear yellow dresses and even the sweets that are exchanged and distributed to celebrate the occasion of Vasant Panchmi are all yellow. The special delicacy prepared on this day is called Kesar halwa (a sweet dish with strands of Saffron) and motichoor ladoo. This is because yellow color signifies the blooming mustard flowers and the beautiful nature in the coming season.

Saraswati known as the Goddess of knowledge, is also considered the goddess of music, owing to which Vasant Panchmi is also celebrated with grandeur in every educational institution. Children dress up in yellow attire and organize cultural events with dance and musical performances. An idol of Goddess Saraswati is decorated with yellow saree and children offer yellow flowers to the goddess while chanting prayers. People also keep books, pens, and pencils near the feet of the idol to seek blessings for a good academic year for the children of the house.

In some parts of the country, Vasant Panchmi is also celebrated as a kite festival. With several colorful kites adorning the sky, and delectable sweets this festival brings joy and happiness to people’s life in innumerable ways.